The most exciting and significant episode of scientific progress is the development of thermodynamics in the 19th century. The nature of heat and temperature was identified, the conservation of energy was discovered and the realization that mass and energy are equivalent provided a new fuel and unlimited power. Much of this occurred in unison with the rapid technological advance provided by the steam engine, the electric motor, internal combustion engines, refrigeration and the rectification processes of the chemical industry. The availability of cheap power and cheap fuel has had its impact on society: Populations grew, the standard of living increased, the environment became clean, traffic became easy and life expectancy was increased.
Table of Contents:
4. Entropy as S = k ln W
5. Chemical Potentials
6. Third law of Thermodynamics
7. Radiation Thermodynamics
8. Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes
10. Relativistic Thermodynamics